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Football players’ production index: measuring nations’ contributions
By: Drs Raffaele Poli, Loïc Ravenel and Roger Besson
View details at CIES Football Observatory
The 55th Monthly Report of the CIES Football Observatory analyses the contribution of national associations worldwide from the point of view of the production of professional players. To do so, we have traced the association of origin of 55,865 footballers having played during the 2019 calendar year in 132 top or second division leagues from 93 countries covering all continents.
This year’s edition of 'The World's 50 Best Restaurants' by publishing group William Reed Business Media has just been released.
The ranking is one of the most highly anticipated events of the culinary calendar. The so-called "Oscars of gastronomy" have named the Danish restaurant Geranium as the top restaurant in the world, followed by Central in Peru’s Lima and Disfrutar in Barcelona, Spain.
The top ten roundup includes three Spanish and four Latin American venues.
Founded in 2007 in Copenhagen, Geranium has quickly climbed to the top of the 50 best restaurants list, moving from 49th place in 2012 to second place last year. Geranium specializes in meat-free dishes and was the first restaurant in Denmark to obtain three Michelin stars.
The World’s 50 Best Restaurants was first launched 20 years ago by the British magazine Restaurant Magazine, as an alternative to the Michelin stars system.
The ranking has faced criticism in recent years for eletism, with claims of jurors favoring restaurant owners they know, and for restaurants only in Europe or North America having won the top places.
The first McDonald's restaurant was opened in 1940 by Dick and Mac McDonald. However, on 15 April 1955, Ray Kroc launched the first McDonald's in Des Plaines, Illinois, featuring a ten-item menu built around a 15-cent hamburger. Since that time, McDonald's has operated about 40,031 restaurants worldwide.
The top three of the ten largest restaurant chains in the world are from the US. Verdict Foodservice lists the world’s biggest restaurants in 2020, based on 2019 revenues, and details the impact of the Covid-19 outbreak on their operations.
Details at Verdict Foodservice